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Friday 13 November 2020



We have already read that, according to the pottery excavated at Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, India had the knowledge to write years, 3,000 years ago, but the printing work with China took place in about the fifth-sixth century.  It is said to start.  Paper was also produced here during this time.  But the history of newspapers begins with the entry of Europeans into India.  The Portuguese are credited with bringing the first printing press to India, as they tried to propagate their religion, so they used their press more for the publication of religious books.  In 1557, some priests of Goa printed the first book of India.  Then in 1662 more presses were established in Mumbai and Bichur.  At the same time, the British installed the first printing press in India in Bombay in 1674, and in 1684 AD the East India Company installed the first printing press.  India, and printed the first book in the country.  Attempts to establish the first newspaper in India were made by Willem Bolts, a former East India Company official.  He issued a notice in 1762 at Council Hall and other prominent places in Calcutta, stating that it was appropriate to inform the public in the absence of a raid.  The lack of raids for business is missing.  Bolt is willing to cooperate if someone wants to raid.  In the meantime, it will continue to provide information like this.  Interested persons can come to their home between 10 and 12 in the morning and pick up copies of the information sheets from there.

 News of the Bolt Company and the government was spread in English.  Therefore, the British government felt threatened by them, so they were forcibly sent to Europe.

  It was only after this that government raids were carried out in 1772 in Madras and Kolkata in 1779.  But for 18 years, there was no other attempt to print newspapers.  By the end of the twentieth century, presses were established in most cities of India.  With this, types of Indian languages ​​began to emerge.  Gujarati language variants were developed in 1796, and printing in Marathi began in 1802.  However, the Marathi language press was established in 1812, and the first Gujarati letter was printed under the name of Mumbai News.

Officials of the East India Company did not like Hickey's Bengal Gazette, and in 1780 began publishing the 'India Gazette' against it.  In this letter, Hickey's gazette attacks were often responded to.  Thus the government also laid the foundation for suppressing the voice of journalism.  This government newspaper, published for almost 10 years, covered the business activities of the East India Company.  That's why this newspaper lasted so long.

Today's newspaper 

Divya Bhaskar
Gujarat Samachar
Gujarat Samachar e-Paper
Sandesh e-Paper
Bombay Samachar
Jai Hind
Gujarat Mitra
Nav Gujarat Samay
Aaj Kaal
Gujarat Today
Sardar Gurjari
Kutch Mitra
Aankho Dekhi
Sanj Samachar

Being a port in Calcutta, Kolkata was initially the leader of Indian journalism, the main trading center of the British, and most of the independence movement was carried out from West Bengal.  By the end of the 18th century, Bengal to Calcutta, Asiatic Mirror, Oriental Star and Mumbai to Bombay Herald newspapers were published in 1790, and Chennai to Madras Courier, etc.  The specialty of these newspapers was that there was collaboration rather than mutual competition.  The Madras government also took a tough decision to control the newspapers.  The anger of the letters, which started from Mumbai and Madras, was less than hiccups.  However, he was also not in favor of corporate governance.  In May 1799, Sir Wellesley enacted the first Press Act, the first law of Indian journalism.  During this period, there were many difficulties in starting newspapers, even the British government was against newspapers.

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